Study in Taiwan Learning plus Adventure

Higher Education System

Taiwan enjoys excellent global competitiveness in spite of limited land and natural resources. According to the World Competitiveness Yearbook 2015 published by the International Institute for Management Development (IMD) in Switzerland, Taiwan ranked fifteenth overall in global competitiveness among 60 countries, and was notably outstanding in “Economic Performance” and “Business Efficiency Indices.” One reason for Taiwan’s economic prowess is its quality human resources, an accomplishment closely tied to the issue of higher education. In the Global Competitiveness Report published by World Economic Forum (WEF) published in 2016, Taiwan ranked seventeenth in “Higher Education and Training.” Taiwan’s human resources provide highly-qualified workers in sufficient supply to the labor market and bring positive benefits for industry innovation.

  • Brief introduction

    University/College and Graduate School Education

    The maximum study period for university education (including universities, colleges, universities of technology, and technical colleges) is 4 years (the Post-bachelor Second Specialty Program is 1-2 years, while the bachelor’s program is usually 2 years), and internships can last one-half to 2 years depending on the needs of the subject. For Master’s Degree candidates, the study period is limited to 1-4 years and for Doctoral Degree candidates to 2-7 years.



    Higher education institutions in Taiwan include 2-year junior colleges, 5-year junior colleges, and universities. Like most countries, the study period is 4 years for an undergraduate degree, 1 to 4 years for a master’s degree, and 2 to 7 years for a doctoral degree. There are 158 universities, colleges and junior colleges, totaling 1,332,445 students. Reforms in teacher training have played an important part in the expansion of higher education. Significant improvements in teacher quality can be attributed to policy adaptations and the newly-implemented evaluation system. Currently, Ph.D. degree holders account for over 80% of faculty in Taiwan universities, the figure having increased by 15% in the past 10 years. Professors account for one-third of all teaching personnel. To maintain competitiveness, Taiwan’s government has invested more than US$400 million in higher education annually in the last five years to encourage universities to enhance their standards for research and teaching, and the results have been remarkable. Although Taiwan’s higher education system has gained recognition for its achievements in many areas, tuition still remains very reasonable. The Ministry of Education and several universities have jointly established the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan in the year 2005 to conduct evaluations of universities. This evaluation of accreditation consists of Institutional Evaluation and Program Evaluation. The former is held every 6 years to examine whether schools have achieved their strategic goals, while the latter is also conducted once every 6 years to examine the quality of faculty, teaching, research, and service. The Ministry also encourages universities to obtain international certifications. Another of Taiwan’s significant achievements is in the area of innovation. In a report from the World Economic Forum (WEF), Taiwan ranked 11th among 144 countries in innovation in 2015. While universities are pursuing innovation, university students in Taiwan exhibit abundant creativity. In recent years, students from Taiwan have been making their mark in international design competitions such as Germany’s iF Awards and Red Dot Award every year.


  • Higher Technological and Vocational Education

    Taiwan's government attaches very great importance to technological and vocational education (TVE), given the strong ties between TVE and economic development, and is working to boost the significant contribution that TVE can make to Taiwan's economic development and prosperity.

    Taiwan's TVE at the higher education level (hereinafter referred to as "higher TVE") is primarily provided by five-year junior college programs at the post-secondary level, and at the tertiary level by two-year junior college programs, institutes of technology, and universities of science and technology. Junior colleges, institutes of technology, and universities of science and technology are collectively referred to below as "TVE higher education institutions".

    Looking forward, Taiwan's secondary and higher level TVE will continue focusing on providing useful practical work-oriented courses to equip students with the knowledge and key competencies needed for the job market. The TVE sector will integrate with local industries and train and educate students with appropriate specialized skills to promote local development. It will also engage in more international exchanges and cooperative projects with the TVE sectors in other countries. In addition, Taiwan will continue boosting career awareness and exploration programs for elementary and junior high school students to nurture young students' interest in technological and vocational fields.