Study in Taiwan Learning plus Adventure

Quick Facts about Taiwan

Taiwan and its surrounding islands, situated in East Asia at the northwestern edge of the Pacific, possess an endless variety of terrains, forests, agricultural products, and marine ecologies, as well as a diversity of ethnic cultures along with enchanting human customs and practices. You may get to know about Taiwan from the information as below.

  • Major cities

    Taipei City

    The history of Taipei City can be traced back to 1884. Over the years, it has been at the center of much of the modern history of Taiwan, and has become a physical embodiment of the cultural heritage shared by the Taiwanese people. Today, it is the most internationally-recognized metropolis of Taiwan. It is home to more heritage sites, museums and ethnic groups than any other city in Taiwan. In Taipei, you can find century-old neighborhoods next to up-market new urban development areas. In this unique atmosphere of several very different eras, visitors are free to feast on Taipei’s culinary diversity while marvel at its architectural wonders.

    Taipei City Government:

    New Taipei City

    The New Taipei City area combines the modern conveniences of fast-paced urban living with an abundance of nature. The city is surrounded by numerous mountains and several major rivers: the Tamsui, Keelung, Dahan and Xindian rivers. Starting the journey from downtown, visitors can easily take a day trip to enjoy scenic riverbanks full of ripe green vegetation, or visit tranquil hillside towns. Cycling is another great healthy way to appreciate the views while leaving a low-carbon footprint. New Taipei City is exceptionally cyclist-friendly. The city has numerous bike rental stations and an extensive network of scenic bikeways. Riverside bikeways pass through urban areas along riverbanks with cityscape views. The North Coast cycling route brings one up close to the sea, with the mountains on one side and the beauty of the Pacific Ocean on the other. There are also several mountain routes for a more challenging ride. These routes lead to tea growing areas, old mining towns and other scenic getaways.

    New Taipei City Government:

    Taoyuan City

    Taoyuan, at the edge of the Greater Taipei Region, has undergone some structural and life-style changes within its society. Due to trade prosperity in recent years and the proliferation of job opportunities, Taoyuan has developed into a major economic district in Northern Taiwan. The population has been increasing ever since. Large number of passengers and freight transport has made Taoyuan International Airport the most important gateway of Taiwan to the outside world. Taoyuan also offers major sea routes for Southeast and Northeast sea transportation. Taoyuan has transformed from an agricultural based city into an economic metropolitan city.

    Taoyuan Government:

    Taichung City

    Taichung can compete with anywhere else in Taiwan in terms of history and culture. Since ancient times Taichung has been an important cultural and economic center in central Taiwan, and over the years the surrounding lands have seen its fortunes rise and fall, only to rise again.

    The historic sites and buildings that are left today tell us how the people of the past lived. These cultural relics and old buildings accumulated over time have a deep cultural significance and are truly fascinating. Taichung has the appearance of a modern city, yet within it are preserved cultural sites that retain the flavor of the past.

    Taichung City Government:

    Tainan City

    Dubbed “Taiwan’s Oldest City” and famous for its long history and abundant culture, Tainan boasts many historic architecture, heritage sites, temples, local festivals, humanities, natural ecosystems, specialty agricultural industries, delicacies and gourmet snacks, shopping districts, etc. which are all incredible for sightseeing. Welcome to Tainan! Let’s all dream, strive, love, get married and live in a carefree manner here!

    Tainan City Government:

    Kaohsiung City

    Kaohsiung is a beautiful and modern metropolis located in southern Taiwan, as well as the second largest city of this island. Looking down from an airplane, one will see the abundant landscapes of Kaohsiung: the lush Chai Mountain and Banping Mountain, the clear and serene Lotus Pond, and Love River flowing across the city. This subtropical city boasts brilliant sunshine and gentle breeze from the passionate sea. Sitting between Cijin Island and downtown, the Port of Kaohsiung is a world-class port in Taiwan as well as a hub for international trade. The ceaseless ships and containers from around the world represent the energy and vitality of the business in Kaohsiung. Kaohsiung, a city of glamour, not only has unique features of mountains, seas, rivers, and ports, but also possesses a rich culture and beautiful cityscape. The city sincerely welcomes your visit.

    Kaohsiung City Government:

  • Natural Environment

    Taiwan has an abundance of mountains; over 200 of its peaks are more than 3,000 meters high, making Taiwan geographically unique. As mountains can be found anywhere, mountain climbing is a popular leisure activity in Taiwan. One can choose to hike the mountains on the outskirts of the city or accept the challenge of climbing one of the numerous high mountains, following the course of streams and valleys, tracing back to the source of rivers, or crossing entire mountains. In any case, lush scenery will unfold before your eyes, and it will not take too long for you to be convinced of the beauty of Taiwan's mountains. Taiwan is also surrounded by the ocean and has fascinating marine ecology. Bottlenose dolphins, spinner dolphins, Risso's dolphins, and pan tropical spotted dolphins can be spotted jumping out of the Pacific Ocean along the east coast. Azure seas and magnificent coral reefs can be found in Kenting at the southern tip of Taiwan, and on Green Island and the Penghu Archipelago. This is a place for you to discover and be amazed.

    Tourism Bureau:


    (Taroko National Park; Penghu National Scenic Area; Black-faced Spoonbill  source by Toursim Bereau, R.O.C )

  • Weather

    Taiwan has a relatively long summer and a short, mild winter. The island, which is crossed by the Tropic of Cancer at the latitude of Chiayi City, boasts a variety of contrasting climate zones. On the whole, its northern and central regions are subtropical; its south is tropical; and its mountainous regions are temperate.

    Taiwan’s mean temperature in a typical year ranges from about 18°Cin winter to 28°C in summer. Low temperatures can drop below 10°C in winter, and high temperatures can surpass 35°C in summer.

    The onset of the East Asian summer monsoon is concurrent with Taiwan’s rainy season, popularly known as the plum rain season, in May and June. During this time, southwestern Taiwan is especially vulnerable to heavy rainfall, and afternoon thunderstorms are common. Typhoons are most frequent in July, August and September.

    Central Weather Bureau:

  • Cuisine

    In Taiwan, it seems that people live to eat! There are snack shops and restaurants located within convenient walking distance in every town and city. Foods and dishes from around the world are available in Taiwan, but Taiwan’s native cuisine is unforgettable and has now gained worldwide attention – try it just once and you’ll remember it forever. Memorable dishes include: pearl milk tea, Danzai noodles, shrimp pork soup, coffin sandwiches, veggie and meat wraps, oyster vermicelli, steamed sandwiches, and crushed ice dessert.

    Tourism Bureau:


    (Pearl Milk Tea; Danzai Noodles; Steamed Sandwich source by Toursim Bereau, R.O.C)

  • Culture and Language

    Taiwan is the major Chinese cultural center where Confucianism, Buddhism, Zen, literature, architecture, arts and crafts, and traditional customs are promoted and preserved more completely as compared to the many regions influenced by Chinese culture. Chinese culture has taken root and flourished in Taiwan. With a free and open society where diverse ethnic groups live in harmony, and with stable economic growth, Taiwan has developed a unique Chinese culture that incorporates distinctive features and values of Taiwanese culture.

    The most prominent example of how Chinese culture has been preserved in Taiwan is the continual use of Traditional Chinese characters. Understanding Traditional Chinese characters, which have been used for over 3,000 years since the Shang Dynasty, are part and parcel of understanding Chinese culture. Home to the vast majority of users of Traditional Chinese characters, Taiwan plays a significant role in preserving and promoting the use of Traditional Chinese characters.

    Taiwan Academy:


    (Glove Puppetry; Oil Paper Umbrellas; Spinning tops  source by Toursim Bereau, R.O.C)

  • Science and Technology

    Much of Taiwan’s achievement in science and technology (S&T) is attributable to the public sector’s support for applied scientific development. The Republic of China’s (ROC) first comprehensive set of S&T policies, the Guidelines for the Long-range Development of Science, were formulated in 1959. Over the following half-century, a raft of S&T policies and programs were implemented.

    The 1990s saw the launch of a series of national science and technology programs to address needs ranging from telecommunications to disaster prevention. Meanwhile, the Fundamental Science and Technology Act of 1999 provided a sound legal framework for government promotion of S&T progress. As stipulated in the act, the government drafts national S&T development plans every four years.

    The private sector has also played a major role in fostering Taiwan’s S&T development. Firms such as Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. and United Microelectronics Corp. have dominated the global market for custom-designed integrated circuit (IC) chips and a vast variety of other products. Taiwan is a major supplier of high-end components used in the manufacture of the products of internationally famous companies such as Apple, Microsoft, Intel and Sony. It also boasts world-renowned electronics brands of its own such as Acer, ASUS and HTC.

    The public and private sectors continue to promote S&T advancement today. In 2014, Taiwan’s research and development (R&D) expenditure totaled NT$483.49 billion (US$14.50 billion), of which 21.7% came from government funding and 78.3% from private investment.

    According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2016-2017, Taiwan is ranked No. 12 in company spending on R&D, No. 17 in university-industry collaboration in R&D, and No. 24 in capacity for innovation among the 138 economies surveyed.

    Ministry of Science and Technology:


  • Economic Strength

    Taiwan plays a dynamic role in the global economy. According to the World Trade Organization’s statistics, it was the world’s 17th-largest exporter and 18th-largest importer of merchandise in 2015, while ranking 23rd and 28th in the export and import of commercial services, respectively. One of the most powerful players in the global information and communications technology (ICT) industry, it is also a major supplier of other goods across the industrial spectrum, from chlorella health food supplements to powered wheelchairs.

    A key factor underpinning such performance is the Republic of China (ROC) government’s formulation of policies to foster development and sustain the nation’s economic competitiveness by promoting investment in human resources, research and development (R&D) and industrial upgrading as well as other initiatives aimed at creating advantages for its economy. For such reasons, and because of its enterprises’ strong entrepreneurial spirit, Taiwan’s business and investment environments have consistently been ranked as superior by well-regarded economic research organizations

    Ministry of Economic Affairs:

  • Geography

    Off the eastern and southeastern coasts of the Asian continent lies a chain of island groups stretching from Russia’s Sakhalin Island in the north to Indonesia’s myriad islands in the south. Situated near the chain’s midpoint, between Japan and the Philippines, is the island of Taiwan. Measuring about 400 kilometers from north to south and around 145 kilometers from east to west at its widest, Taiwan comprises over 99 percent of the territory now under the Republic of China’s (ROC) jurisdiction. It is blessed with a wide range of landforms and contrasting climate zones.

  • Transportation

    Taiwan has a convenient and safe transport network. No matter what kind of transport you plan to use in Taiwan, it is always seamlessly connected to the entire transport system, making your visit smoother and easier.

    In Taipei and Kaohsiung, the metro system is connected to the city bus system to reach every spot in the city. Taiwan’s high-speed rail system provides a quality 300-kilometer per hour intercity rail service along Taiwan’s western corridor. The fastest service between Taipei and Kaohsiung runs just 105 minutes while the slowest takes 145 minutes. Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (TTIA) is connected to Taipei Main Station. The travel time between the airport and downtown Taipei has been reduced from an hour to around 35 minutes.

    With an electronic managerial system in Taipei City, New Taipei City, Taoyuan City, Hsinchu City, Taichung City and Changhua County, YouBike provides rental services throughout the city. The user may rent one bike in a place and return it in another. YouBike makes up for what lacks in the greater public transport system. It is hoped that, with YouBike, people will want to take public transport more. YouBike promotes an environment-friendly lifestyle and a green commute culture.

    Tourism Bureau:


    ( Chic THSR Trains; Wenhu Line, Taipei MRT; YouBike Rental Stations source by Toursim Bereau, R.O.C)